The past of Ahmedabad begins in the eleventh century with the Solanki King Karandev 1,monarch of Anhilwara(modern patan).He fought a war against the Bhil King Ashapall or Ashaval and in the war he defeated him and after the victory he established a city called Karnavati on the banks of the river Sabarmati at place of modern Ahmedabad.
Solanki rulled here at last until the thirteenth century,when the emperior of Dwarka named Vaghela came and take Gujarat in his under control.After that the Sultanat of Delhi dominated Gujarat at the end of the Thirteenth century.
At the beginning of the fifteenth century an autonomous sultanate ruled by the Muslim Muzaffarid rule was established in Gujarat and Sultan Ahmed Shah renamed Karnavati Ahmedabad in 1411 and recognized as his capital. Ahmedabad was the capital of the sultanate for 162 years(1411-1573).
Ahmedabad is one of the fastest developing cities in india with large and broad roads and outstanding architecture.This city was originally built on the banks of the river Sabarmati but it has stretched out since.
In 1487 Mahmud Begada,the grandson of Ahmed shah,together with this the city with a fort of six miles in boundary with consisting of 12 gates,189 bastions and over 6,000 fortifications to protect it from outside invaders.
Conditions in the city were disordered by the time of the last Sultan,Muzzaffar III and from the year 1573 Gujarat was dominated by the Mughl emperor Akbar.During the Mughal supremacy,Ahmedabad became one of the prosperous centers of trade,especially in textiles,which were exported as far as Europe.
A food crisis in 1630 overcome the city. In 1753, the armies of the Maratha generals Raghunath Rao and Damaji Gaekwad captured the city and ended Mughal rule in Ahmedabad. The food crisis of 1630 and the rule of the Peshwa and the Gaekwad virtually destroyed the city.
in 1818,the British East India Company took over the city. A military cantonment was established in 1824, a municipal government in 1858 and a railway link between Ahmedabad and Bombay (Mumbai) in 1864. Ahmedabad grew rapidly, becoming an important center of trade and textile manufacturing.
In 1915, Mahatma Gandhi came from South Africa and established an ashram on the banks of Sabarmati. He started the salt satyagraha in 1930. He and his many followers marched from his ashram to the coastal village of Dandi, Gujarat, to gripe against the British commanding a tax on salt. Before he left the ashram, he vowed not to return to the ashram until India became independent.
Gujarat in general and Ahmedabad in particular has successfully conserved its rich tradition of song, dance and drama.Navaratri, also traditionally referred to as the longest dance festival in the world is a big celebration. The celebrations extend for nine nights. Colourful attires and folk music add to the cheerfulness as people perform Garba, the folk dance of Gujarat at various venues across the city.
In the matter of celebrating the festivals like Makar Sankrant or the lunar kite festival with gusto,Ahmedabad is in the list of five major cities in India. The celebrations is undoubtedly the most intense for this city. On 14th January, adults, big and small, go all together to the veranda to fly kites with glass coated thread. The melodious winter sky comes alive as a million colourful squares dance to the whims of the master below. This pleasant cultural affair transforms the complete sky into a watercolor for a day!
The state of Gujarat is famous for stylish, light, vegetarian meals. The local cookery is unlike any other Indian cookery which is resulting from mixing of the sweet with the salty. Another distinguished feature of the Gujarati cookery is the fact that it is almost strictly vegetarian.
Even though Ahmedabad has absorbed many foreign influences over the years, the basic tastes in food have remained the same. There is a particular affection for crisp spicy fried savouries (locally called as farsans). These are usually prepared at home but can also be bought at wayside stalls. They form an integral part of the traditional meal and are served as starters.
The famous Gujarati thali served at weddings consists of farsans, sweetmeats and a variety of sweet and sour chutneys and pickles.
Geographically, Gujarat can be divided into four regions and because of the climatic differences; there are small variations in eating habits and modes of preparation. Popular items include a delicious vegetable mixture called Undhyoo and Paunk, a tangy delicacy.
Apart from its authentic Gujarati cooking, Ahmedabad is a haven for food lovers. From pizzas at Pizza Hut to jalebis at Bhagwati, Ahmedabad dishes up a wide array of Indian and international cuisines.
Ahmedabad is one of the six working divisions of the Western Railway.The all towns of Gujarat are connected with Railway lines as well as major cities in India. The Ahmedabad Railway Station and the Maninagar Railway Station are the main terminals of the city.
The Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport serves both domestic and international passage for the city and the bordering cities of Gandhinagar, Mehsana and Nadiad. The airport connects the city with destinations across India and to cities in the Middle East, the Far East and select destinations in Western Europe. There are more than 6 flights on a daily basis to Mumbai and Delhi – which are the main international air gateways in and out of India. Delhi is 1.5 hours away by air and Mumbai 50 minutes. Daily flights are also available for Bangalore, Hyderabad, Pune, Chennai and Kolkatta.
There are 8 National Highway which connects Delhi and Mumbai, passes though Ahmedabad. Ahmedabad is connected to Vadodara through National Expressway 58 miles long highway with only two exits, which is part of the Golden Quadrilateral project. Ahmedabad is directly connected by highways to Bhavnagar, Nadiad, Mehsana, Surendranagar, Bhuj, Rajkot and Gandhinagar.
There are mainly three seasons in Ahmedabad:-The summer,The monsoon and The winter season. The city has an enormously dry climate except for the few monsoon months.
The weather is hot during the months of March to June, with the average summer
temperature range from a maximum of 43 °C (110 °F) throughout the day to a minimum of 23 °C (73 °F) at night; summers are very dry and May tends to be the hottest month.
The months of November during February have an average maximum temperature of 36 °C (97 °F) and a minimum of 15 °C (59 °F) and are enjoyable. January is kindly cold while June to September is moist.
The average rainfall is 93.2 cm (36.7 inches). Cottons and loose clothing work best in Ahmedabad.
Tourists have provided special facilities to stay at Ahmedabad is Circuit houses and near places like , Bhavnagar, Baroda, Bhuj Veraval, Porbandar, Rajkot and Sasan.Individually Ahmedabad is an important commercial center,a wide variety of hosing from expensive to budget is available for students and tourists who wish to stay in the city for a long period of the time.
It is like a fun to Buy or browse, shopping in Ahmedabad in itself. One can spend hours traveling through dozens of boutiques and gift shops on C.G. Road.
Traditional clothes overstated with folk art called Chania Cholis are sold in various parts of Ahmedabad. The Paldi area is famous for shops selling works of sewing from Kutch and Saurashtra. The artisans of Rangeela pol (street) are famous for makingbandhinis (tie and dye work), while the cobbler shops of Madhupura sell traditional mojri footwear.
High-quality idols of Ganesh and other religious icons are made in huge numbers in the Gulbai Tekra area while the shops at Law Garden are famous for their mirror work.
It is incomplete without viewing its picturesque Havelis when visiting Ahmedabad. These Havelis stand memorial to the superior life styles of the best rich in the early 19th century.
The mosques and mausoleums of Ahmedabad showcase Gujarat’s contribution to Islamic architecture in India.
Nearby places for a day or weekend excursions include the Sun Temple at Modhera, the step wells of Adalej, the last wild habitat of the Asian lion (Gir), a world heritage site at Champaner, Jain temples on Girnar in Junagadh, the salt flats of Kutch (along with a sanctuary for wild asses), museums and palaces in Vadodara and a hill station at Mt. Abu.
Ahmedabad offers all modern forms of entertainment to its visitors like Multiplexes(Fun Republic, Wide Angle, City Gold, R-World, etc.)
The Water Park and Go Karting outlets are extremely popular for children and adults. The Kankaria Lake on the other hand offers a different kind of escape. It is located on the other side of the Sabarmati and is one of the oldest recreation spots in Ahmedabad. It was built in 1451 by Sultan Qutb-Ud-Din and consists of an island garden with a summer palace in the centre of the lake.